Type 3: Determine percent strength from osmolarity of the solution

5. mEq and mOsmol 5.2) mOsmol 5.2.1) mOsmol - General mOsmol - General Normal 1

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The osmolarity of a penicillin V potassium solution is 87.63 mOsmol/L. How will this be expressed as % w/v strength? Given that, the molecular weight of penicillin V potassium is 388 g/mol.

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lb equals 1.7 % kg

    For penicillin V potassium , the 'golden formula' is:
    1 mmol = `[388]` mg = `[1]` mEq = `[2]` mOsmol.

    Osmolarity is the number of mOsmol per 1 L (or 1000 mL).
    Since we need g quantity in the numerator of the desired unit, we begin with keeping the mg unit in the numerator of the first fraction.
    Again, since 87.63 mOsmol is contained in 1000 mL of solution, we keep the 87.63 mOsmol in the numerator of the second fraction for getting the 'mOsmol' part cancelled out.
    Using dimensional analysis:

    `(388 \quad mg)/(2 \quad mOsmol) × (87.63 \quad mOsmol)/(1000 \quad mL) × (1 \quad g)/(1000 \quad mg)`

    ` × (100 \quad mL)/(100 \quad mL)= 1.7 \quad (g)/(100 \quad mL) => 1.7 % ` Ans.

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